What are the causes of police corruption?
A culture of corruption arises primarily from failures in four key areas: (a) recruitment, training, and promotion; (b) resources, such as pay and equipment; (c) systems of accountability within departments, courts and the law; and (d) cultural traditions that inhibit the development of professional police standards..
What are the effects of corruption?
On the economic level, corruption leads to: Hindering the development of economy, which affects the short and long-term goals of development plans. Wasting of the State’s resources, which prevents their optimal use. Shutting out local and foreign investment due to the lack of incentives.
What are the effects of police stress?
The findings reveal that police officers experience daily psychological stress that puts them at an increased risk of various long-term health effects that may include cardiovascular disease, obesity, suicide, sleeplessness and cancer.
What are the effects of bribery and corruption?
Corruption erodes the trust we have in the public sector to act in our best interests. It also wastes our taxes or rates that have been earmarked for important community projects – meaning we have to put up with poor quality services or infrastructure, or we miss out altogether.
What are the major causes of corruption?
Main causes for corruption are according to the studies (1) the size and structure of governments, (2) the democracy and the political system, (3) the quality of institutions, (4) economic freedom/ openness of economy, (5) salaries of civil service, (6) press freedom and judiciary, (7) cultural determinants, (8) …
What is the most common form of police corruption?
The most common type of police corruption is the acceptance of bribes from those who deal in the vices of gambling, prostitution, illegal drinking, and the illegal use of drugs.